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Insuring Agreement

The section of an insurance policy that states which losses will be indemnified, what property is covered, which perils are insured against. Also known as the Insuring Clause.

Insuring Clause

The clause in a policy that specifies in brief the contract’s intent and benefits. Also known as the Insuring Agreement. It specifies the covered perils, such as accident and sickness on Health insurance. A peril is a cause of loss.


The fee charged for borrowing money.

Interest Accrual Rate

The percentage rate at which interest accrues on the mortgage. In most cases, it is also the rate used to calculate the monthly payments, although it is not used for an adjustable-rate mortgage (ARM) with payment change limitations.

Interest Only Loan

A loan in which interest is paid periodically but no principal is paid until the due date on the note, when the entire principal amount is due with the final interest payment.

Interest Option

A Life insurance settlement option under which the insurer keeps the insurance proceeds and invests them on behalf of the beneficiary. The beneficiary receives the interest from the investment. The proceeds remain the property of the beneficiary. The proceeds are not taxable but the interest earned is.

Interest Rate

The rate of interest in effect for the monthly payment due.

Interest Rate Buydown Plan

An arrangement wherein the property seller (or any other party) deposits money to an account so that it can be released each month to reduce the mortgagor’s monthly payments during the early years of a mortgage. During the specified period, the mortgagor’s effective interest rate is “bought down” below the actual interest rate.

Interest Rate Ceiling

For an adjustable-rate mortgage (ARM), the maximum interest rate, as specified in the mortgage note.

Interest Rate Floor

For an adjustable-rate mortgage (ARM), the minimum interest rate, as specified in the mortgage note.